Incidence: men
  Mortality: men
  Incidence: women
  Mortality: women

Liver Cancer
Estimated Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence Worldwide in 2012

Estimated numbers (thousands)MenWomenBoth sexes
CasesDeaths5-year prev.CasesDeaths5-year prev.CasesDeaths5-year prev.
 World554521453228224180782746633
 More developed regions9280112424351134123164
 Less developed regions462441341186182129648622469
 WHO Africa region (AFRO)25241714139393726
 WHO Americas region (PAHO)403535232318635853
 WHO East Mediterranean region (EMRO)2019121096292818
 WHO Europe region (EURO)474442232520716961
 WHO South-East Asia region (SEARO)555233252415807748
 WHO Western Pacific region (WPRO)368347314133129112501477426
 IARC membership (24 countries)120104135565560176159195
 United States of America231721877302427
 China29328222010110171395383291
 India1717810105272713
 European Union (EU-28)363233161714524847
  

Estimated age-standardised rates (World) per 100,000
   At a glance

Liver cancer is largely a problem of the less developed regions where 83% (50% in China alone) of the estimated 782,000 new cancer cases worldwide occurred in 2012. It is the fifth most common cancer in men (554,000 cases, 7.5% of the total) and the ninth in women (228,000 cases, 3.4%). In men, the regions of high incidence are Eastern and South-Eastern Asia (ASRs 31.9 and 22.2 respectively). Intermediate rates occur in Southern Europe (9.5) and Northern America (9.3) and the lowest rates are in Northern Europe (4.6) and South-Central Asia (3.7). In women, the rates are generally much lower, the highest being in Eastern Asia and Western Africa (10.2 and 8.1 respectively), the lowest in Northern Europe (1.9) and Micronesia (1.6).

Liver cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer worldwide, estimated to be responsible for nearly 746,000 deaths in 2012 (9.1% of the total). The prognosis for liver cancer is very poor (overall ratio of mortality to incidence of 0.95), and as such the geographical patterns in incidence and mortality are similar.
  
GLOBOCAN 2012 (IARC) , Section of Cancer Surveillance (28/4/2017)

Estimated Liver Cancer Incidence Worldwide in 2012: Men
Estimated age-standardised rates (World) per 100,000

 Trends in incidence of liver cancer in selected countries: age-standardised rate (W) per 100,000, men
*Regional data *Regional data *Regional data
NORDCAN (www.ancr.nu)
ECO (eco.iarc.fr)
England: www.ons.gov.uk
CI5.iarc.fr CI5.iarc.fr
Australia: www.aihw.gov.au
New Zealand: www.health.govt.nz
USA: seer.cancer.gov
GLOBOCAN 2012 (IARC) , Section of Cancer Surveillance (28/4/2017)

Estimated Liver Cancer Mortality Worldwide in 2012: Men
Estimated age-standardised rates (World) per 100,000

GLOBOCAN 2012 (IARC) , Section of Cancer Surveillance (28/4/2017)

Estimated Liver Cancer Incidence Worldwide in 2012: Women
Estimated age-standardised rates (World) per 100,000

 Trends in incidence of liver cancer in selected countries: age-standardised rate (W) per 100,000, women
*Regional data *Regional data *Regional data
NORDCAN (www.ancr.nu)
ECO (eco.iarc.fr)
England: www.ons.gov.uk
CI5.iarc.fr CI5.iarc.fr
Australia: www.aihw.gov.au
New Zealand: www.health.govt.nz
USA: seer.cancer.gov
GLOBOCAN 2012 (IARC) , Section of Cancer Surveillance (28/4/2017)

Estimated Liver Cancer Mortality Worldwide in 2012: Women
Estimated age-standardised rates (World) per 100,000